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Tuesday, April 26, 2011

Research shows Multiple Sclerosis (MS) can be stopped

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder which causes damage to the myelin sheath around axons of brain and spinal cord.Mylein sheath is the protective shield of axon region of nerve cell.There is no cure at present for this disorder.

Researchers at the University of Zurich, Switzerland, found that an immune system chemical, called GM-CSF [Granulocyte macrophage colony - stimulating Factor, is the "driving force" behind the debilitating condition that affects over 2.5 million people worldwide.

The researchers said, GM-CSF is part of the defence against disease, attacking viruses and other invaders. But in MS, it triggers a series of reactions that culminate in"scavenger cells"destroying myelin -- the fatty protective sheath around nerve fibres in the brain and spinal cord -- which disrupts the transmission of messages from the brain.

Swiss researchers claimed that an antibody, which they tested on mice with a MS-like condition, was found to be very effective in countering GM-CSF and improved their health, the Daily Mail reported.

Scientists are hoping similar approach will help cure MS patients, Soon trials will be conducted on patients.