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Wednesday, November 20, 2013

World's Top 10 Bioenergy Companies


Bioenergy is the Renewable Energy that is produced from the materials that are derived from biological sources.

What does the Bio-Energy Companies do??

Bioenergy companies focuses on production of renewable energy by safer, cleaner and cheaper ways for the betterment of humans.

Here is the list of Worlds Top 10 Bioenergy Companies

1. Solazyme

Research Areas / Products
  • Renewable Fuels
  • Petrochemicals
  • Nutritionals
  • Health Sciences 

2. KiOR

Research Areas / Products
  • Real Fuels
  • Green House Gas reductions
3. LanzaTech

Research Areas / Products
  • Gas Fermentation
  • Synthetic Biology
  • Microbiology: LanzaTech has one of the world’s largest collections of industrial fuel and chemical production microbes. To date, we have two new proprietary strains of gas fermentation microbe.
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Fermentation

4. Novozymes

Research Areas / Products
  • Agriculture
  • Bioenergy
  • Biopharma 
  • Food & Beverages
  • Household Care
  • Leather 
  • Pulp & Paper
  • Textile
  • Wastewater Solutions


Research Areas / Products

6. DuPont Industrial Biosciences

Research Areas / Products
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Biomaterials
  • Biofuels
  • Carbohydrate Processing
  • Detergents
  • Food Enzymes
  • Personal Care
  • Safety and Restoration
  • Textiles

7. Gevo

Research Areas / Products
  • Biofuel - Isobutanol
  • Solvents and Coatings
  • Materials, Plastics, and Fibers
  • Biojet Blendstock
  • Specialty Fuels 
8. Sapphire Energy

Research Areas / Products
  • Green Crude

9. Joule Unlimited

Research Areas / Products
  • Biofuel

10. ZeaChem

Research Areas / Products

Cellulosic Ethanol

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Saturday, November 9, 2013

Nanobodies - A new Therapeutic Approach

Nanobodies are type of antibodies derived from camels, smaller than the conventional antibodies. Nanobodies are also known as single domain antibodies.

Antibody Vs Nanobody

Problems Associated with use of Antibodies

Storage – Require Freezing temp.
Oral Administration – digested in gut
Cannot cross Blood-Brain Barrier
 MAb therapies need to be given by injection or infusion at a clinic.

Advantages of Nanobodies
Nanobodies are simpler,
Nanobodies are smaller which perform better,
Nanobodies are easier to make,
Nanobodies are easier to handle,
Nanobodies are easier to admister, and
Nanobodies are more affordable.

Applications of Nanobody

Therapeutical Uses:

Can be used for oral administration.
Oral nanobody pill for inflamatory gut disease and colon cancer.

Papers on Nanobody as Therapeutic Target

Nanobodies Targeting the Hepatocyte Growth Factor: Potential New Drugs for Molecular Cancer Therapy

Nanobodies as novel agents for disease diagnosis and therapy